Kristy Gee

Life compacted onto Tumblr

  • 16th February
    2014
  • 16

latimes:

California’s calamitous drought drags on

It’s dry in California - historically dry. Water is in short supply, the air is noticeably without moisture, farms are parched and just look at the photo above of the state’s dwindling snow cover. It pretty much speaks for itself.

Meanwhile, various interests are turning to the political realm to try and ensure they get theirs when it comes to H2O.

And the drought has been particularly harsh on agriculture:

Ranchers have begun liquidating herds. Growers are considering tearing out thirsty tree crops such as nut orchards and citrus groves. And tens of thousands of additional acres of prime California soil could go unplanted if farmers don’t get enough water to irrigate them.

Read more on the drought’s effect on California here.

Photos: David McNew / Getty Images, Frederic J. Brown / Associated Press, NOAA, Randall Benton / Los Angeles Times

It’s been raining for a week straight in NorCal and we’re still at drought levels.

(via cognitivedissonance)

  • 2nd January
    2014
  • 02
  • 2nd January
    2014
  • 02
  • 2nd January
    2014
  • 02
  • 22nd December
    2013
  • 22

celestialreconnaissance:

The Magellanic Clouds are two irregular dwarf galaxies that you can see from the Southern Hemisphere with the naked eye. They’re pretty gassy and dusty compared to most galaxies (namely our own).

In the Northern Hemisphere, galaxies are hard to see with the naked eye. There are a few spiral galaxies, Andromeda being one of them, but they simply appear as fuzzy dots in the sky and aren’t very obvious unless the observer knows where to look.

Top image by Colin Legg Photography (AUS)
Bottom images: Hubble (NASA/ESA)

  • 15th December
    2013
  • 15
  • 5th December
    2013
  • 05
sagansense:

Studies: Alcohol’s Role In Auto Accidents Far Greater Than That Of Cannabis

Alcohol remains far and away the most prevalent drug present in the blood of drivers involved in severe or fatal traffic accidents, according to a pair of recently published European studies.

In one study, published in the October issue of the journal Accident Analysis and Prevention, Danish researchers assessed the overall risk of a driver being severely injured in an accident after having consumed alcohol, illicit substances, or various types of pharmaceutical drugs, including opioids, benzodiazepenes, and so-called ‘Z-drugs’ (sedatives/sleep aids) such as Ambien. Case samples (N = 2490) were collected from severely injured drivers in selected hospitals in six European countries. Cases were matched against nearly 16,000 randomly stopped controls. Odds rations were adjusted for age, gender and country.



Investigators reported: "The highest risk of the driver being severely injured was associated with driving positive for high concentrations of alcohol (≥0.8 g/L), alone or in combination with other psychoactive substances. …The second most risky category contained various drug-drug combinations, amphetamines and medicinal opioids. Medium increased risk was associated with medium sized BACs (at or above 0.5 g/L, below 0.8 g/L) and benzoylecgonine. The least risky drug seemed to be cannabis and benzodiazepines and Z-drugs."

Specifically, drivers with concentrations of alcohol in their blood possessed an elevated risk of accident that was nearly 10 times more than that of sober drivers. Subjects who tested positive for blood/alcohol concentrations between .08 and 1.2 possessed an elevated risk that was more than 16 times that of sober drivers, while drivers with concentrations above 1.2 possessed an elevated risk that was nearly 80 times higher. By contrast, “The driver injury risk estimated with driving positive for cannabis was just above one.” Drivers who tested positive for the presence of legal medicines possessed an elevated risk that was nearly twice that of cannabis.

source

“It is concluded that among psychoactive substances alcohol still poses the largest problem in terms of driver risk of getting injured,” the authors determined.

They are not alone in their finding. Writing this month in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Swedish researchers similarly concluded that alcohol is far more likely to be detected in the blood of fatally injured drivers than is the presence of either illicit substances or prescription drugs.

Investigators evaluated the concentrations of alcohol and other drugs in blood samples from Swedish drivers killed in road-traffic crashes over a four-year period (2008-2011). They concluded: “Not surprisingly, the legal drug alcohol topped the list of psychoactive substances identified in blood samples from fatally injured drivers, which confirms results and surveys done in other nations…Indeed, in 76 percent of fatalities the autopsy BAC was over 1.0 g/L, which gives convincing evidence that these drivers were impaired at the time of the crash.”

SAFER: Marijuana vs Alcohol

By contrast, investigators acknowledged that the presence of an illicit drug alone was only present in 2.5 percent of all fatal crashes. THC specifically was identified in the blood of 3 percent of all drivers, though in many of these cases other substances were also identified. The presence of prescription drugs was documented in nearly 8 percent of all fatal traffic accidents. 

Other recent studies and reviews have similarly reported that cannabis is typically less likely to be associated with traffic injury compared to other controlled substances, including various prescription medications.

These findings call into question politicians’ and law enforcements’ supposed justification for the enactment of per se or so-called zero tolerant per se limits for the presence of cannabinoids. Such proposals forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of THC or its metabolite present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold. To date, eleven US states — Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Utah, and Wisconsin — impose zero tolerance per se thresholds for the presence of cannabinoids and/or their metabolites. Five states impose non-zero-tolerant per se thresholds for cannabinoids in blood: Montana (5ng/ml), Pennsylvania (1ng/ml), Ohio (2ng/ml), Nevada (2ng/ml) and Washington (5ng/ml). In Colorado, the presence of THC/blood levels above 5ng/ml “gives rise to permissible inference that the defendant was under the influence.” Nonetheless, despite the growing popularity of these laws, a recent white paper analyzing their impact found “no evidence that per se drugged driving laws reduce traffic fatalities.”



Source: HighTimes

sagansense:

Studies: Alcohol’s Role In Auto Accidents Far Greater Than That Of Cannabis

Alcohol remains far and away the most prevalent drug present in the blood of drivers involved in severe or fatal traffic accidents, according to a pair of recently published European studies.

In one study, published in the October issue of the journal Accident Analysis and Prevention, Danish researchers assessed the overall risk of a driver being severely injured in an accident after having consumed alcohol, illicit substances, or various types of pharmaceutical drugs, including opioids, benzodiazepenes, and so-called ‘Z-drugs’ (sedatives/sleep aids) such as Ambien. Case samples (N = 2490) were collected from severely injured drivers in selected hospitals in six European countries. Cases were matched against nearly 16,000 randomly stopped controls. Odds rations were adjusted for age, gender and country.

image

Investigators reported: "The highest risk of the driver being severely injured was associated with driving positive for high concentrations of alcohol (≥0.8 g/L), alone or in combination with other psychoactive substances. …The second most risky category contained various drug-drug combinations, amphetamines and medicinal opioids. Medium increased risk was associated with medium sized BACs (at or above 0.5 g/L, below 0.8 g/L) and benzoylecgonine. The least risky drug seemed to be cannabis and benzodiazepines and Z-drugs."

Specifically, drivers with concentrations of alcohol in their blood possessed an elevated risk of accident that was nearly 10 times more than that of sober drivers. Subjects who tested positive for blood/alcohol concentrations between .08 and 1.2 possessed an elevated risk that was more than 16 times that of sober drivers, while drivers with concentrations above 1.2 possessed an elevated risk that was nearly 80 times higher. By contrast, “The driver injury risk estimated with driving positive for cannabis was just above one.” Drivers who tested positive for the presence of legal medicines possessed an elevated risk that was nearly twice that of cannabis.

imagesource

“It is concluded that among psychoactive substances alcohol still poses the largest problem in terms of driver risk of getting injured,” the authors determined.

They are not alone in their finding. Writing this month in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Swedish researchers similarly concluded that alcohol is far more likely to be detected in the blood of fatally injured drivers than is the presence of either illicit substances or prescription drugs.

Investigators evaluated the concentrations of alcohol and other drugs in blood samples from Swedish drivers killed in road-traffic crashes over a four-year period (2008-2011). They concluded: “Not surprisingly, the legal drug alcohol topped the list of psychoactive substances identified in blood samples from fatally injured drivers, which confirms results and surveys done in other nations…Indeed, in 76 percent of fatalities the autopsy BAC was over 1.0 g/L, which gives convincing evidence that these drivers were impaired at the time of the crash.”

imageSAFER: Marijuana vs Alcohol

By contrast, investigators acknowledged that the presence of an illicit drug alone was only present in 2.5 percent of all fatal crashes. THC specifically was identified in the blood of 3 percent of all drivers, though in many of these cases other substances were also identified. The presence of prescription drugs was documented in nearly 8 percent of all fatal traffic accidents.

Other recent studies and reviews have similarly reported that cannabis is typically less likely to be associated with traffic injury compared to other controlled substances, including various prescription medications.

These findings call into question politicians’ and law enforcements’ supposed justification for the enactment of per se or so-called zero tolerant per se limits for the presence of cannabinoids. Such proposals forbid drivers from operating a motor vehicle if they have a detectable level of THC or its metabolite present in their bodily fluids above a specific, state-imposed threshold. To date, eleven US states — Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Utah, and Wisconsin — impose zero tolerance per se thresholds for the presence of cannabinoids and/or their metabolites. Five states impose non-zero-tolerant per se thresholds for cannabinoids in blood: Montana (5ng/ml), Pennsylvania (1ng/ml), Ohio (2ng/ml), Nevada (2ng/ml) and Washington (5ng/ml). In Colorado, the presence of THC/blood levels above 5ng/ml “gives rise to permissible inference that the defendant was under the influence.” Nonetheless, despite the growing popularity of these laws, a recent white paper analyzing their impact found “no evidence that per se drugged driving laws reduce traffic fatalities.”

image

Source: HighTimes

  • 28th November
    2013
  • 28

sagansense:

Blood

onlineschools

via moshita

BLOOD DONORS ARE IMPORTANT AND SOME OF THE DONOR INFORMATION IN THIS IS MISLEADING.
Unprotected sex does not necessarily defer you from blood donation - being treated for syphilis or gonorrhea probably will. So will sex with a prostitute or if you’re currently pregnant. Unfortunately, male-male sex will prevent you from ever donating (let’s hope that changes in the near future). In terms of recent surgeries, ask your doctor first, it’s for your own safety!
Check the Red Cross’s website for more information (or your local blood banks), most blood banks are really similar in their requirements! Go drop off some blood! Save 3 lives in 1 donation!
And you can always just try even if you’re unsure, just be honest on your questionnaire and don’t be afraid to answer “yes” to certain things, sometimes they just need to know about it for documentation. The worst that can happen is they tell you no or tell you to wait for a certain amount of time before you can donate! Remember it’s nothing personal if they say no, it’s either for your safety or the recipients.

  • 25th November
    2013
  • 25
  • 25th November
    2013
  • 25
  • 25th November
    2013
  • 25

celestialreconnaissance:

Clouds on Mars

Don’t even consider believing that these were taken anywhere on Earth because you’d be wrong. These images were sent back from various rovers on Mars. Martian clouds are basically just frozen ice crystals high in the atmosphere. Mars will also get Cirrus clouds near the poles where it may even snow a little bit of ice crystals. 

  • 17th November
    2013
  • 17
  • 13th October
    2013
  • 13
  • 10th October
    2013
  • 10
  • 21st September
    2013
  • 21
lyssissherlocked:

jordanleeemerson:

steve-spaghetti:

renirabbit:

pizzalecki:

pkmnbreederbrianna:

togamijail:

chandra75:

im-sherlocked-in-my-mindpalace:

socially-awkward-supervillian:

Fun fact: Cheetahs only attack prey that runs

jesus that is good to know.

Yup, that’s the point you just stay still and let it do whatever the fuck it wants that doesn’t involved you getting eaten. 

REALLY FUN FACT for big cats cheetahs are fucking docile as shit
my grandfather ran a cheetah sanctuary in south africa and he’d just lie with them and sleep among them and they’d rub against him and chirp at him they’re big fucking babies

Another Fun Fact: Cheetahs are incredibly nervous animals. One of the (many) reason’s they’re going extinct is that cheetahs are so sensitive and nervous, some of them are literally too nervous to breed. Others will breed, but stress themselves out so much, they’ll lose their cubs. So zoos with breeding programs had to figure out how to make cheetahs comfortable enough to first of all, get laid and secondly - not spazz themselves into miscarrying.So what’d they do? They gave the cheetah’s their very own Service Dogs!The dogs make them feel safe, protected and secure!

AJHHHHFDDGHH SO PRECIOUS

this post just got so much better

THIS IS OFFICIALLY MY FAVOURITE POST

OMG THAT’S SO ADORABLE

ANITHER FUN FACT: Cheetahs will flip their tails up when they are near prey, but not hunting. That way the prey doesn’t panic and run away and monkeys won’t throw things at them like they normally do when seeing a cheetah. And they don’t abuse it either! If a cheetah has its tail flipped up, they are completely uninterested in food or hunting at all. And you are safe as long as you don’t threaten them.


That is such great information for all those times that I am just walking along and I stumble across a cheetah. I often like to fly to Africa and take casual strolls through Namibia so this is really good to know

lyssissherlocked:

jordanleeemerson:

steve-spaghetti:

renirabbit:

pizzalecki:

pkmnbreederbrianna:

togamijail:

chandra75:

im-sherlocked-in-my-mindpalace:

socially-awkward-supervillian:

Fun fact: Cheetahs only attack prey that runs

jesus that is good to know.

Yup, that’s the point you just stay still and let it do whatever the fuck it wants that doesn’t involved you getting eaten. 

REALLY FUN FACT for big cats cheetahs are fucking docile as shit

my grandfather ran a cheetah sanctuary in south africa and he’d just lie with them and sleep among them and they’d rub against him and chirp at him they’re big fucking babies

Another Fun Fact: Cheetahs are incredibly nervous animals. One of the (many) reason’s they’re going extinct is that cheetahs are so sensitive and nervous, some of them are literally too nervous to breed. Others will breed, but stress themselves out so much, they’ll lose their cubs.

So zoos with breeding programs had to figure out how to make cheetahs comfortable enough to first of all, get laid and secondly - not spazz themselves into miscarrying.

So what’d they do?
They gave the cheetah’s their very own Service Dogs!


The dogs make them feel safe, protected and secure!

AJHHHHFDDGHH SO PRECIOUS

this post just got so much better

THIS IS OFFICIALLY MY FAVOURITE POST

OMG THAT’S SO ADORABLE

ANITHER FUN FACT: Cheetahs will flip their tails up when they are near prey, but not hunting. That way the prey doesn’t panic and run away and monkeys won’t throw things at them like they normally do when seeing a cheetah. And they don’t abuse it either! If a cheetah has its tail flipped up, they are completely uninterested in food or hunting at all. And you are safe as long as you don’t threaten them.

That is such great information for all those times that I am just walking along and I stumble across a cheetah. I often like to fly to Africa and take casual strolls through Namibia so this is really good to know

(via txlover)